The first week of September 2013 was the deadline by which European Union (EU) member states of the EU-28 group of countries must inform the European Commission of their progress in implementing the requirement for all sows to be in loose housing for gestation. A failure to supply the information could result in the particular country being referred to the European Court of Justice and penalized financially for infringement. 


Under rules introduced by the European Union, from January, 1 2013, all pregnant sows in EU herds must be loose-housed rather than in individual confinement stalls or crates.