Mississippi State University is researching swine management systems to improve production efficiency in the Southeast. The school has installed feeders, a new watering system, a feed auger system to move feed to the pigs as needed and ventilation curtains that open and close automatically to control the temperature in the facility
The facility in partnership with Prestage Farms, will not only house swine research but also provide students firsthand experience to prepare them for working in the swine industry.
John Blanton, head of the Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences at MSU, said there is a need in the Southeast for science-based information on swine production.
"We are addressing that need of our stakeholders through our swine research program," Blanton said.
Shengfa Liao was recently hired in the animal and dairy sciences department as a nonruminant nutritionist with both teaching duties and research responsibilities in the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station. His work focuses on maximizing the efficiency of nutrient utilization by swine.
"With the addition of Dr. Liao to the department, our swine research program will be rejuvenated, and our students will receive the well-rounded education that is necessary for successful employment after graduation," Blanton said.
"Dr. Liao's area of research investigates the impact of nutritional regulators on growth. In order for Dr. Liao's program to succeed, the department needs to create the facilities to support a nonruminant research program."
Liao said he will soon begin a two-year project to examine the role of amino acids in muscle growth in pigs. He will be working with about 60-80 young pigs at a time.
"I want to explore the biological mechanisms by which pigs utilize dietary amino acids so we can find ways of more efficiently producing quality pork products," Liao said. "This involves improving the pigs' ability to use nutrients and examining nutrients from alternative feedstuffs."
Mark Crenshaw, swine specialist with the MSU Extension Service, said the facility that will house swine research is located at the H.H. Leveck Animal Research Center. While it has housed pigs before, the building has been used as a multipurpose facility in recent years.
"Several things needed to be done to make it workable for a research project," Crenshaw said."Pigs are used as models for a variety of research projects, and it will be good to have this basic livestock animal species once again in our research facility."
Although small numbers of pigs will be housed in the facility at any given time, their presence will give MSU students an opportunity to learn how to care for pigs and manage their needs.
Terry Emerson, general manager of Prestage Farms in West Point, said the partnership will help MSU get back into swine research
"There is a need for land-grant universities to continue doing research for swine production," Emerson said. "We'd like to see Mississippi State become more engaged in swine production and in the future of our industry."