In an effort to prevent a recurrence of avian influenza, Shanghai will suspend live poultry trading from January 31, 2014, the first day of the Chinese Lunar New Year. The suspension will be done annually for the next five years, dependent on the evaluation and warning of avian influenza and the seasonal onset, according to a joint statement issued by the Shanghai Agricultural Commission and the Shanghai Commerce Commission.

Violators will face hefty fines, sources reported.

In April, all live poultry markets were shut down in Shanghai after 43 people died of H7N9 avian influenza in China. The ban was lifted in June and about 110 poultry markets returned to business. Scientists have said there is a strong possibility of H7N9 recurrence.