Costs of production calculated by CIAS, the Central Intelligence Poultry and Swine with the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) rose 3.7 percent for broilers and 1.1 percent for swine in February when compared to the previous month.
For broilers (ICP Frango), the score reached 224.9 points, compared to the base index of 100 points in January of 2010. The increase for the month was attributed to higher costs for feed (3.42 percent) and day-old chicks (0.29 percent). After just two months of 2016, the index has risen 11.7 percent, and is 30.0 percent up from 12 months ago.
Compared to the basal index of 100 in January of 2005, the score for pig production costs (ICPSuíno) stood at 218.7 in February. Again, higher feed costs was the main factor, accounting for 1.44 percent, with more expensive health costs accounting for a further 0.27 percent. The index has risen 7.3 percent so far in 2016 and stands 24.1 percent higher than at the same point in 2015.
The indices of production costs were created in 2011 by socioeconomics team of Embrapa Swine and Poultry and Conab. The ICPFrango score represents typical broiler production costs for a ventilated poultry shed in the state of Paraná, while ICPSuíno is based on a typical “full cycle” pig production system in the state of Santa Catarina.