A drought caused by El Nino has hurt agricultural production in much of Central America, according to NotiCen. Southeastern Guatemala appears to be the worst affected, since it came into the season with a rainfall deficit. The corn and bean harvests in October and November 2009 were far below average, leading to acute malnutrition in more than 10% of women and children.

Honduras has issues a drought warning for its entire southern half into June, while thousands of farmers in northern Nicaragua have lost crops. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reporting February crop losses of more than 50% in 23 Nicaraguan municipalities.