High barriers to trade and commodity-specific support programmes have been largely responsible for Israel becoming practically self-sufficient for poultry, eggs and milk, says the first review of Israeli agricultural policies undertaken by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Livestock products, especially poultry with beef and sheep meat, have enjoyed the highest level of support coupled to production (called Producer Single Commodity Transfers), when expressed as a share of gross farm receipts.

While important reforms have been carried out recently in the egg and dairy sectors, they remain subject to production quotas. Farmers are guaranteed minimum prices fixed by the government, and they benefit from income and investment support as well as from protection against international competition. These sector-specific measures are aimed at securing profitability of production for a majority of producers.