News and analysis on the global poultry
and animal feed industries.

Animal Feed Additives

Orange peels in cattle feed may fight E. coli, Salmonella

Research finds 10-fold reduction in pathogenic bacteria
Adding orange peels to cattle feed may reduce the prevalence pathogenic bacteria, such as E. coli and Salmonella, in cows' gastrointestinal tracts, according to a new study from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service. Researchers found that sheep fed orange peel pellets resulted in a 10-fold reduction in Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 in the animals' intestinal contents. 
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China releases amended animal feed, feed additive regulations

New regulations go into effect May 2012
China's amended Management Regulations on Feed and Feed Additives were released November 15 and will be implemented beginning May 1, 2012. The amendments include a series of bans against behaviors with the potential to cause human harm, such as raising animals with the use of Ministry of Agriculture-banned and other materials. 
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Ergot alkaloids found in 12% of cereals studied

European Commission requests assessment of potential risks to human, animal health
Ergot alkaloids were found in 12% of samples taken during a Food Standards Agency study investigating the presence of mycotoxins in foods, prompting the European Commission to request an assessment of the risks to human and animal health related to the presence of the alkaloids in food. There are currently no maximum levels for ergot alkaloids in EU legislation, said the report, but they may exert toxic effects in certain animals. 
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The future of antibiotic use in poultry production

The availability of antibiotics in poultry production depends on greater understanding of their risks and benefits.
The availability of antibiotics in poultry production depends on greater understanding of their risks and benefits. The regulatory status and use of antibiotics in poultry production were addressed in research presented at the annual meetings of the Poultry Science Association, American Association of Avian Pathologists and the American Veterinary Medical Association.
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Feed ingredients

Choosing the best test for organic trace minerals in poultry feed

Replacing inorganic trace mineral sources with lower levels of organic trace mineral forms in poultry feed can yield great results. However, using the right test with OTMs is critical.
Over the last two decades, organic minerals have been used as a partial replacement of trace mineral supply to improve certain areas of poultry productivity; this includes fertility in breeders, shell strength, and carcass and meat quality. Current research has identified future opportunities by replacing inorganic trace mineral sources with lower levels of the more available organic trace mineral forms, thereby minimizing the amount excreted and also optimizing trace mineral-associated performance traits.
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Russia imposes ban on live pigs from Germany

Elevated levels of dioxin found in German animal feed ingredient
Russia has imposed a ban on live pigs from Germany after elevated levels of dioxin were found in sugar beet pulp, a feed ingredient from sugar producer Pfeifer & Langen. Dioxin levels were found to be 1.0-1.6 nanograms per kilo, slightly above the permitted 0.75 nanograms per kilo, according to reports. 
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FDA denies citizen petitions regarding animal antibiotics

Petitions ask for withdrawl of approvals for antibiotics given to animals for purposes other than disease treatment
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has denied two citizen petitions urging the FDA to withdraw the approvals for antibiotics given to animals in feed or water for purposes other than disease treatment if the antibiotics are also used in human medicine. The petitions were filed by Environmental Defense, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Food Animal Concerns Trust, and the Union of Concerned Scientists along with other groups. 
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Ranchers urged to watch animal feed for dangerous nitrate levels

Drought-stressed plants used as feed ingredients may contain unsafe amounts
Ranchers are being urged to pay attention to the nitrate levels in the animal feed they're giving their cattle, because drought-stressed plants harvested as feed ingredients may contain dangerous levels of nitrates, according to University extension officials in Kansas and Missouri. Extension agents said they have been receiving reports of cattle succumbing to what appears to be nitrate poisoning. 
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No danger in dioxin find, say German authorities

Chemical found in sugar beet pulp above permitted levels
Dioxin found above permitted levels in the animal feed ingredient sugar beet pulp has prompted German authorities to say that there is no danger to the public, according to reports. The chemical was found in a product produced by Pfeifer & Langen, with dioxin levels of 1.0 to 1.6 nanograms per kilo, above the accepted levels of 0.75 nanograms per kilo. 
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China sheep feed tainted with chemical clenbuterol

Investigation has been launched
Farmers in East China's Shandong province have been illegally adding the chemical clenbuterol to their sheep feed to produce leaner meat, according to reports. The tainted sheep have been sold to buyers in 17 municipalities and provinces, including Beijing, Henan and Jiangsu.  
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