News and analysis on the global poultry
and animal feed industries.

Animal Feed Additives

Russia imposes ban on live pigs from Germany

Elevated levels of dioxin found in German animal feed ingredient
Russia has imposed a ban on live pigs from Germany after elevated levels of dioxin were found in sugar beet pulp, a feed ingredient from sugar producer Pfeifer & Langen. Dioxin levels were found to be 1.0-1.6 nanograms per kilo, slightly above the permitted 0.75 nanograms per kilo, according to reports. 
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FDA denies citizen petitions regarding animal antibiotics

Petitions ask for withdrawl of approvals for antibiotics given to animals for purposes other than disease treatment
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has denied two citizen petitions urging the FDA to withdraw the approvals for antibiotics given to animals in feed or water for purposes other than disease treatment if the antibiotics are also used in human medicine. The petitions were filed by Environmental Defense, Center for Science in the Public Interest, Food Animal Concerns Trust, and the Union of Concerned Scientists along with other groups. 
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Ranchers urged to watch animal feed for dangerous nitrate levels

Drought-stressed plants used as feed ingredients may contain unsafe amounts
Ranchers are being urged to pay attention to the nitrate levels in the animal feed they're giving their cattle, because drought-stressed plants harvested as feed ingredients may contain dangerous levels of nitrates, according to University extension officials in Kansas and Missouri. Extension agents said they have been receiving reports of cattle succumbing to what appears to be nitrate poisoning. 
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No danger in dioxin find, say German authorities

Chemical found in sugar beet pulp above permitted levels
Dioxin found above permitted levels in the animal feed ingredient sugar beet pulp has prompted German authorities to say that there is no danger to the public, according to reports. The chemical was found in a product produced by Pfeifer & Langen, with dioxin levels of 1.0 to 1.6 nanograms per kilo, above the accepted levels of 0.75 nanograms per kilo. 
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China sheep feed tainted with chemical clenbuterol

Investigation has been launched
Farmers in East China's Shandong province have been illegally adding the chemical clenbuterol to their sheep feed to produce leaner meat, according to reports. The tainted sheep have been sold to buyers in 17 municipalities and provinces, including Beijing, Henan and Jiangsu.  
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South Africa company testing maggots as alternative feed protein

Agriprotein Technologies to scale up pilot plant in 2012
South African company Agriprotein Technologies is testing maggots as a potential alternative animal feed protein for livestock and fish. According to the company, the common household fly lays up to 750 eggs in its life (up to one month), and 1 kilogram of eggs will turn into 380 kilograms of protein within three days of hatching. 
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Deepwater transit terminal would aid US grains export market

Proposed Louisiana facility would be accessible by new, larger boats
Louisiana State Senator A.G. Crowe, speaking to a meeting of agricultural journalists in New Orleans, proposed building the Louisiana International Gulf Transfer Terminal, a deepwater facility that would allow for new, large containerized cargo vessels, such as those exporting U.S. grains, to offload at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Citing the rapid increase in the use of containers in shipping, the senator feels the terminal would be especially helpful for those in the U.S. grain export market.
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Lesaffre presents symposium on pig nutrition

The benefits for pig health of live yeast in feed were highlighted.
After a first symposium dedicated to ruminant in 2010, Lesaffre chose this year to focus on pig nutrition, specifically “the benefits of live yeast in pig feed or how nutrition helps to improve health." Presentations ranged from very fundamental data regarding microbial interface in the gastrointestinal tract of animals such as that presented by Andrew van Kessel from Saskatchewan University; immune links between digestive, pulmonary and mammary mucosal immune responses to improve protection against the pathogen, presented by Henri Salmon, Inra; to very practical day-to-day actions to be taken on farms either in Czech Republic or in France, as presented by Jan Bernardy, Czech Republic and Philippe Le Coz, France.
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Link between nutrition, microflora and the host studied

The taxonomically diverse microbial community colonizing the pig gastrointestinal tract evolves due to environmental and feed factors.
The abundant and taxonomically diverse microbial community colonizing the pig gastrointestinal tract evolves due to environmental and feed factors. Because each of the species of organisms in the intestine possess different capabilities and needs, the relative proportion of different species change in response to a variety of factors including age, diet composition, rearing environment and possibly genotype. Chemical composition of the diet is a major determinant of microbial composition since dietary nutriments are a major substrate for microbial fermentation.
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Improving piglet immunity through sow-mediated immunity

Expert concludes S. cerevisiae strain CNCM I 3856 exhibits various probiotic properties enhancing the sow mediated immunity.
Henri Salmon, Inra – France, spoke about the link between nutrition, microflora and the host at the Lesaffre symposium held in Lille, France, November 8-9. According to Salmon, the survival of neonate piglets depends directly on the acquisition of maternal immunity via colostrum then milk, affording respectively systemic and mucosal protection. Yeast has long been known to help intestinal flora recovery after pathogen challenges.
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