News and analysis on the global poultry
and animal feed industries.

Livestock Feed Manufacturing

US restricts use of cephalosporin antibiotics for livestock

Rule allows wide discretion for small-scale-production animals, bans lengthy dosing of cattle and swine
U.S. federal drug regulators have restricted the use of a class of antibiotics known as cephalosporins for livestock, including cattle, pigs, chickens and turkeys, because they say such practices may have contributed to a growing threat in people of bacterial infections that are resistant to treatment. The FDA initially proposed cephalosporin restrictions in 2008 but withdrew the rule due to opposition from veterinarians, farmers and drug companies. 
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Wine dregs boost cow milk production, cut methane emissions

Australian research part of larger study to reduce methane emissions
Adding the stems, seeds and skins from wine grapes to a dairy cow's feed boosts milk production by 5% and cuts methane emissions by 20%, according to research conducted by Australian scientists. "We've managed to utilize what is currently a waste product for the wine industry and turn it into a very valuable feed source," said scientist Peter Moate. 
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Orange peels in cattle feed may fight E. coli, Salmonella

Research finds 10-fold reduction in pathogenic bacteria
Adding orange peels to cattle feed may reduce the prevalence pathogenic bacteria, such as E. coli and Salmonella, in cows' gastrointestinal tracts, according to a new study from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service. Researchers found that sheep fed orange peel pellets resulted in a 10-fold reduction in Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 in the animals' intestinal contents. 
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High amounts of vomitoxin found on Ontario corn crop

Some tests coming back with type affecting pigs
The fungal disease vomitoxin is being reported in large amounts in Southwestern Ontario's corn crop, and some field tests are coming back with high levels of the type of vomitoxin that pigs are particularly sensitive to, according to reports. The disease, which appears in overly wet conditions and can sicken livestock if consumed in high concentrations, is already being monitored by the industry. 
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India providing subsidy for cattle feed

Producers living below poverty line can receive feed at 75% subsidized rate
India's Chief Minister N Rangasamy will be providing cattle feed and calf feed to milk producers living below the poverty line at a 75% subsidized rate, according to reports. The subsidized rate for cattle feed is Rs 3.60 (US$0.07) per kilogram and Rs 3.80 (US$0.07) per kilogram for calf feed. 
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Rising hay prices causing Texas ranchers to sell cattle

Year-long drought has cut hay crop in half
A year-long drought has caused hay prices to rise to as much as $115 per 800-pound bale as of mid-October (compared to $60 during the same time in 2010), causing some Texas ranchers to sell off or abandon their cattle as they can no longer afford to maintain their herds. The drought, which has caused wildfires and cost Texas agriculture some $5.2 billion so far in damages, is the costliest on record, according to the Texas AgriLife Extension Service. 
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Canada animal feed supplier to shut down poultry feed mill

Low finished feeds volume, limited profitability reasons for closure
Canadian animal feed supplier Shur-Gain will shut down its poultry and livestock feed mill operations in Stephenville, Newfoundland, by the end of 2011, according to Réjean Faubert, the company's Atlantic region general manager. The mill is closing due to a low volume of finished feeds being manufactured and limited profitability at the operation, said Faubert. 
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Europe seeks home-grown rule for organic feed production

EU-27 supporters want minimum percentage mandate on feed given to organically reared animals
A proposed change in feed rules for organic livestock production in Europe's EU-27 countries is under consideration by the European Commission's Standing Committee on Organic Farming. Advocates of the change want to see a minimum percentage placed on the amount of feed given to organically reared animals and poultry grown on the same farm.
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AFIA urges FDA to maintain separate animal feed, food FSMA rules

AFIA forms working groups to focus on different sections of FSMA law
In comments to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on the Food Safety Modernization Act’s preventive controls requirements, the American Feed Industry Association urged FDA to maintain the spirit and specifics of the new law’s separations for human food and animal food regulations. FSMA requires FDA to publish final preventive control rules by July 2012, which AFIA says represents the largest change in regulation of feed, pet food and ingredients in history. 
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Wheat replacing barley in German animal feed

Cold winter, spring drought, summer rain contribute to poor quality
Livestock farmers in Germany have been replacing barley with wheat in their animal feed due to a cold winter, springtime drought and summer rain that have resulted in a decline in the size and quality of the country's barley harvests, according to reports. According to the farm ministry, estimates on the winter barley crop have fallen 21.6% to 6.76 million metric tons. 
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