News and analysis on the global poultry
and animal feed industries.

Livestock Feed Manufacturing

South Africa feed producers turning to wheat for livestock

Corn prices driving producers to seek alternatives for first time in decade
South Africa yellow corn prices have increased 39 percent in the last six months and national stocks have dropped 40 percent, causing livestock feed producers to seek out cheaper alternatives like wheat for the first time in a decade, according to reports.
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Corn hay may pose aflatoxin risk in animal feed

Concerned farmers should test baled corn to protect livestock
Corn produced and baled as hay to be sold for livestock consumption may pose a risk for aflatoxin, particularly the current year's crop, according to experts. Corn produced in Oklahoma, Texas, western Arkansas and southwestern Missouri, were severely drought-stricken and may have had higher incidences of aflatoxins than other areas, according to Clay Wright, agricultural consultant for the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation. 
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Antibiotics in pig feed may increase antibiotic-resistant genes

USDA study finds increase in number of antibiotic-resistant genes found in gastrointestinal microbes in pigs
Antibiotics in pig feed increased the number of antibiotic-resistant genes in gastrointestinal microbes in pigs, according to a study conducted by Michigan State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service. Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study focused on understanding the effects of conventional, in-feed antibiotics in U.S. farms. 
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China soybean imports rise, South America shipments double

Increased demand from poultry, pig meat, aquaculture industries will maintain trend, say researchers
China's soybean imports from September through December 2011 rose 6.3% from the same time in 2010 as shipments from Brazil and Argentina doubled, a trend expected to continue through 2012 on growth from the poultry, pig meat and aquaculture industries, according to reports. China bought 19.3 million metric tons of soybeans during the September–December 2011 period, with shipments from Brazil reaching 4.57 million metric tons (up from 1.54 million metric tons in 2010) and shipments from Argentina reaching 3.15 million metric tons (up from 1.52 million metric tons), according to Oil World. 
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Korean farmers hit with high feed prices

Oversupply of homebred cows also causing beef cattle prices to drop
Korean farmers have recently been hit by rising animal feed prices, and a fall in beef cattle prices caused by an oversupply of homebred cows. The number of Korean beef cattle rose to 2.92 million in 2009 and has now reached 3.3 million, the result of a 2008 mad cow disease outbreak that caused consumers to turn to Korean beef, increasing the number of Korean livestock farmers involved in cattle breeding.  
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US restricts use of cephalosporin antibiotics for livestock

Rule allows wide discretion for small-scale-production animals, bans lengthy dosing of cattle and swine
U.S. federal drug regulators have restricted the use of a class of antibiotics known as cephalosporins for livestock, including cattle, pigs, chickens and turkeys, because they say such practices may have contributed to a growing threat in people of bacterial infections that are resistant to treatment. The FDA initially proposed cephalosporin restrictions in 2008 but withdrew the rule due to opposition from veterinarians, farmers and drug companies. 
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Wine dregs boost cow milk production, cut methane emissions

Australian research part of larger study to reduce methane emissions
Adding the stems, seeds and skins from wine grapes to a dairy cow's feed boosts milk production by 5% and cuts methane emissions by 20%, according to research conducted by Australian scientists. "We've managed to utilize what is currently a waste product for the wine industry and turn it into a very valuable feed source," said scientist Peter Moate. 
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Orange peels in cattle feed may fight E. coli, Salmonella

Research finds 10-fold reduction in pathogenic bacteria
Adding orange peels to cattle feed may reduce the prevalence pathogenic bacteria, such as E. coli and Salmonella, in cows' gastrointestinal tracts, according to a new study from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service. Researchers found that sheep fed orange peel pellets resulted in a 10-fold reduction in Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 in the animals' intestinal contents. 
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High amounts of vomitoxin found on Ontario corn crop

Some tests coming back with type affecting pigs
The fungal disease vomitoxin is being reported in large amounts in Southwestern Ontario's corn crop, and some field tests are coming back with high levels of the type of vomitoxin that pigs are particularly sensitive to, according to reports. The disease, which appears in overly wet conditions and can sicken livestock if consumed in high concentrations, is already being monitored by the industry. 
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India providing subsidy for cattle feed

Producers living below poverty line can receive feed at 75% subsidized rate
India's Chief Minister N Rangasamy will be providing cattle feed and calf feed to milk producers living below the poverty line at a 75% subsidized rate, according to reports. The subsidized rate for cattle feed is Rs 3.60 (US$0.07) per kilogram and Rs 3.80 (US$0.07) per kilogram for calf feed. 
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