Dr. Helen Warren, owner of HW Consulting, achieved her Ph.D. from Bristol University. After working in academia, she worked for a global animal health company. She is currently chair of the British Society of Animal Science Industry Association, a registered animal scientist and certified Cow Signals trainer.
To reduce the impact ruminants make on the environment, the dairy industry must take a holistic approach to improving production efficiency, which includes the importance of the rumen microbial ecosystem and its role beyond simply providing nutrients to the animal.
Hypocalcaemia, or milk fever, is a common issue in dairy farming. Cows with milk fever are at greater risk of other metabolic disorders so prevention should be the focus. Prevention usually involves manipulation of the close-up diet.
Environmental and nutritional modifications can be implemented to address the challenges of heat stress. The main goal of nutritional management during heat stress is to maintain a healthy rumen function while providing optimal nutrient supply to limit the negative energy balance situation.