Global meat production and meat consumption have increased rapidly in recent decades, affecting the environment and public health as well as the economy, according to research conducted by Worldwatch Institute's Nourishing the Planet project.
Worldwide meat production has tripled over the last four decades and increased 20% in the last 10 years alone, according to the research.Worldwide, per capita meat consumption increased from 41.3 kilograms in 2009 to 41.9 kilograms in 2010. People in the developing world eat 32 kilograms of meat a year on average, compared to 80 kilograms per person in the industrial world. Demand for livestock products will nearly double in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, from 200 kilocalories per person per day in 2000 to some 400 kilocalories in 2050, according to the research. Findings name pork as the most widely consumed meat in the world, followed by poultry, beef and mutton. In the meat sector, poultry production is the fastest growing with a 4.7% rise in 2010 to 98 million tons.