A new government study documents that average Americans do not get adequate choline in their diets, according to Don McNamara, Director of the Egg Nutrition Center. Eggs are second only to beef liver in the amount of choline in a 100 g serving. The recent government survey called NHANES, (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) was done to discover the eating habits and nutrition pattern in a wide cross section of the population. Using these data at the Iowa State University, researchers determined the intake of choline in the diet. This part of the study at Iowa State was contracted through the Egg Nutrition Center.
Using the recommended intake established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1999, investigators found only 10 percent of the population had sufficient choline intake. This is a special concern for pregnant women because choline plays an important role in fetus brain development. Two eggs a day would provide 50 percent of the recommended intake. Likewise, it has been established that choline plays an important role in adult brain functions.