News and analysis on the global poultry
and animal feed industries.
Ioannis Mavromichalis

Ioannis Mavromichalis

Ioannis Mavromichalis, Ph.D., is an animal nutrition industry consultant. To contact Mavromichalis, email


4 pillars for successful farm-level antibiotic reduction

Antibiotics can be replaced by a farm-wide approach that requires more than adding additives in animal feeds.
When examined at farm level, many antibiotic-reduction programs fail to achieve the lofty goals set by governments. The main reason in most cases is the one-dimensional approach followed by those involved in such attempts, and this includes farmers and their consultants.
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6 points about feed additives for modern dairy cows

Finding a working additive for modern dairy cows is not an easy exercise, as we must first consider the rumen microbiota’s role that precedes the cow’s own digestive efforts.
Dairy cows attract the most interest in terms of additives because they are everywhere in the world, they consume enormous amounts of feed and they are high-yielding but sensitive (fragile) animals that require intense attention to their nutrition and health.
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